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Civil engineering is one of the university majors that aim to design, plan and implement buildings and facilities that serve people, facilitate their lives and meet their life needs. The tasks of the civil engineer are centered on designing and planning cities, bridges, roads, waterways, tunnels for transmitting electrical wires, water, and various buildings, and supervising their implementation.
The difference between Civil Engineering and Architecture Engineering is that the task of an architect is summarized in designing the facility and exploiting all possible spaces, with attention to the aesthetic side of the building, while the task of the civil engineer is summarized by carrying out the executive and construction side based on the designs of the architect in addition to choosing building materials, determining their quantities, and developing designs means of security and safety for the facilities.
People have used Civil Engineering since ancient times, but the term Civil Engineering appeared in the eighteenth century to distinguish this science from military engineering. Students study for four years at Turkish universities that are characterized by the best and latest use of educational methods, relying on technology in education. Most importantly, the student graduates with a high level of academic science and practical experience required for success in work.
Importance of Civil Engineering:
We only need to see the streets, buildings, bridges, tunnels, towers, airports, ports and other basic infrastructure in people’s lives in order to know the great importance of this major.
The remarkable development in various countries of the world, including the urban renaissance and intense competition in the construction of the greatest buildings, monuments and skyscrapers, made Civil Engineering one of the most important university majors, which reflected positively on the civil engineer in terms of prestigious social status and high income.
Many students interested in a promising future and a life full of success and creativity flock to study Civil Engineering.
Civil Engineering Curriculum:
Students study a varied curriculum that includes many engineering sciences, mathematics, physics and other scientific applications that prepare students to be professionals in the field of work.
The curriculum and some subjects may differ between universities, and these are some basic subjects for the Civil Engineering major:
- First year: Introduction to Engineering – Calculus – General Chemistry – Physics – Biology – Introduction to Programming – Communication skills and Academic Reports – Measurement and Metrics – Computer Skills and Programming Applications
- Second year: Materials Science – Linear Algebra – Technical Drawing – Building Materials – Strength of Materials – Differential Equations – Probabilities and Statistics – Engineering Mechanics – Environmental Engineering – Hydrology Engineering
- Third year: Highway Engineering – Soil Mechanics – Fluid Mechanics – Structural Analysis – Hydraulics – Foundation Engineering – Concrete Structures – Summer Training
- Fourth year: Concrete Structures – Steel Design and Construction – Non-Technical Aspects of Engineering – Engineering Economics – Water Resources Engineering – Bridge Engineering – Project Management – Introduction to Earthquake Engineering – Graduation Project
Civil engineering is one of the most flourishing majors in the labor market, as the need for it is constantly increasing in various countries of the world. Civil engineers can occupy many jobs in various places such as:
- Contracting Companies.
- Government Sectors.
- Engineering Offices.
- Executive Management of Projects.
- Private Work.
The increasing development in various countries of the world, the growing urban renaissance, and the intense competition between countries in the construction of the greatest buildings, cultural edifices and skyscrapers, made the civil engineering major one of the most important university branches, and this was reflected positively on the civil engineer in terms of prestigious social status and outstanding material income.