التخصصات الجامعية في الجامعات التركية

Undergraduate majors in Turkish universities

With the great development of science, the number of university majors has also increased dramatically, so that each discipline is considered a science in itself, and is being developed day after day to serve the goal for which it was created to the fullest, and the urgent need to enumerate the disciplines in order to accomplish the tasks more accurately. In the past, the student would graduate from the university after studying for a general specialization, but he needed to develop a skill in a specific discipline to accomplish certain tasks more accurately, and the idea of university majors was not approved at that period, so the urgent need for it was that it would prepare a new generation for every individual. A specific specialty is studied and from it the scientific specializations are developed at a higher speed, more accuracy and faster time.

The best university majors in the world:
Engineering major:

This specialization is considered one of the most interesting university majors in the world, because it includes many important subspecialties that cannot be dispensed with in many fields in our time, among the most important of those engineering disciplines are: electrical engineering – mechanical engineering – architecture – engineering Environmental – Electronic Engineering – Computer Engineering, and many other disciplines that are also divided into departments that fall under them. Therefore, we find that the demand for engineering majors among university majors is very high, as we mentioned because of the urgent need for these disciplines.

Human medicine specialty:

As this specialization is aspired by many students, especially because it is very required in all countries of the world, and falls under this broad specialization, many subspecialties such as: Cardiology – Orthopedic Diseases and Surgery – Ophthalmology and Surgery – Internal Diseases Specialization – Pathology Specialization Obstetrics and Gynecology – Urology and its surgery – Pediatric diseases specialization, and many other subspecialties that are long mentioned, and often the study period for each specialty reaches seven academic years, where general medicine is studied for all specialties of human medicine, and after that the desired specialization is chosen And complete studies until graduation and obtaining a bachelor’s degree in this major.

Administrative Sciences specializations:

This is also among the university majors that are frequently required, because they are included in various areas of life, from industry, commerce, agriculture, economy, and even in service fields, because of their importance and multiple branches that serve all fields, and the most important of those specializations are: Business Administration – Human Resources Specialization – Financial Management Specialization – Marketing major, and many other sub-disciplines, and no institution lacks at least one of those specializations, to be a successful and continuous institution.

Language specialties:

What is meant by it is the sciences of foreign languages that are not the mother tongue of the student himself, and he is one of the university majors that are very required in many countries of the world, and also very important in the fields of journalism and media, as translation has become required in most fields in our time, and there is not a prestigious institution or A respectable company because it contains a person who translates papers and documents related to the company’s business for the purpose of transactions that take place with other countries, except for the specialization of interpretation and the specialty of commercial correspondence, which has become among the university specialties that are highly required in our time.

Literary majors:

These university majors are very spread in many countries, and many sub-disciplines fall under them, such as: Islamic sciences – History sciences specialization – Geography sciences – Language and literature specialization – Humanities specialization – Social sciences – Political science – Journalism and media specialization – Legal sciences specialization, and many other disciplines that fall under this famous discipline.

Psychology major:

This science means that it is the science that studies the human mind and behavior in a scientifically accurate manner, and the ability to predict it, and this science includes the analysis and study of the human mind, personality and way of thinking of people, and from it the possibility of anticipating their actions and reactions towards certain situations, based on the study that has been conducted, This specialization also includes many sub-university specializations, including: sports psychology – animal psychology – clinical psychology – counseling psychology – family psychology – educational psychology, and many other sciences that fall under the specialty of psychology. Self is one of the most important university majors because of its importance in managing and directing generations.

The most important future university majors:

It is worth noting that the specializations of human medicine, engineering, administrative specializations and other well-known disciplines are of great importance in our life, but with the rapid progress of science, new specializations are constantly being innovated, and these specializations will be taught like other university specialties, among the most important of these disciplines we mention the following:

Cybersecurity specialization:

It is one of the innovative engineering disciplines, as its importance has developed greatly in recent years, and the need for this science has arisen due to the huge amount of data that is analyzed and downloaded in real time nowadays, and among the functions of this science: data collection and analysis – e-marketing – database development – training Teams on new systems and software – Improve systems efficiency and performance.

Biomedical Engineering major:

This specialization is one of the most recent university majors, as it is one of the sciences that mixed engineering and medicine at the same time, which appeared in parallel with the qualitative leap that the medical sector is witnessing in recent years, and some of the jobs of this specialty are: Engineering duties jobs – specialists in devices design and manufacturing centers Medical – experts in physiotherapy centers – engineers in the production of prosthetic units and medical devices – work in medical research centers, and other jobs Belonging to e-Marketing:

In the year 2020, electronic marketing has become one of the university majors spread tremendously, and it has become dominant in all areas of our digital and social life, and we live in a world crowded with advertisements that we face in everything in front of us through mobile devices and smart devices, and e-marketing has become jammed in all fields with the aim of Marketing and promotion of products and services, advertising, intellectual guidance and many other matters that are developing day by day, and among the most important functions in this field: Business Administration – Creating and managing marketing content – E-sales – E-Marketing – Media Consultant – Advertising Officer.

Software Engineering major:

It is one of the engineering university majors that have developed widely and remarkably, as this specialty is branched into a large number of programming disciplines such as: electronics programming – application programming – and many similar disciplines, and the importance of this specialty lies in terms of its rapid spread and the unexpected increase in demand. Among the jobs required in this specialization: Information systems engineer – data analyst – systems developer and designer – software developer – software maintenance engineer.

Renewable Energy Engineering major:

It is one of the most important university majors that have a bright future in the labor market in many countries, and its importance lies thanks to the vast technological development that the world is witnessing in our current era, as alternative and renewable energy has become a source of interest for many societies at the global level, in the matter of ensuring the continuity of energy sources In light of the wars that the world is witnessing over traditional energy sources such as oil and petroleum, and we mention some important jobs that go into this field: engineering consultancy companies – general contracting companies and renewable energy projects – energy fields and their investments – energy scientific and research laboratories – solar and electromagnetic power plants – electronics Valuation and Thermodynamics.

Thus, we have presented some of the most important university majors in the world, which the student must be aware of before choosing the major he wishes to enroll in, due to the abundance of fierce competition on the labor market and job opportunities, so we as students must always look for the future and not look at the past, Many majors are still taught in universities, but unfortunately they are no longer important in the labor market, so every student must constantly research and get acquainted with the most important and latest university majors and the amount of demand for them in the labor market and professional fields.

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